These groups have appeared within the structures of trade unions in order to resolve problems of both working and unemployed women. Around the end of the ninth and the beginning of the tenth centuries, the Kievan Rus kingdom formed. Its two administrative provinces, the Polock and the Turov Principalities, covered the area of today’s Belarus. For several centuries the Belarusian territories were strongly influenced by the Byzantine culture, including Orthodox Christianity, stone architecture, and literature. After the destruction of the Kievan Rus in the mid-thirteenth century by the Mongols the two Belarusian principalities were incorporated into the Great Lithuanian Duchy. This new administrative and political situation brought a strong Western European influence to the region, including the Roman Catholic religion. A large Jewish population also settled in Belarus in the fourteenth century.
During and after the presidential campaign of 2020 and throughout 2021, arbitrary arrests, police brutality and torture, and the denial of due process rights continued with impunity. Many lawyers defending political prisoners were disbarred or arrested. Protests require permission from local authorities, who often arbitrarily deny it. The May 2021 amendment to the law on mass events imposes strict authorization requirements and impedes organizers’ ability to raise funds for protests.
- After the destruction of the Kievan Rus in the mid-thirteenth century by the Mongols the two Belarusian principalities were incorporated into the Great Lithuanian Duchy.
- Traditionally, caring for children under the age of 14 is often left to mothers, and the fathers often do not interfere.
- All the three languages use the Cyrillic alphabet, with minor modifications in Ukrainian and Belarusian.
- First, will not expect the night out to be simply because young as you are!
- Lukashenka barred human rights groups and journalists from accessing the camps until November, when they were given limited access.
If we compare the share of women in each of the specialties, then QA (the share of women is 38.1%) and business https://happy-mood-food.de/few-women-ascend-japans-corporate-ladder-is-change-finally-coming-the-new-york-times analysts (37.8%) are leading. Only one in ten developers (i.e. the programmers) is a representative of a fair sex. There is one point about this list that is often not taken into account https://raintechbd.shop/herstory-11-haitian-women-to-celebrate-during-hispanic-heritage-month/ in the discussion. Through a list of arduous work, the society protects both women themselves and employers, to whom in the future women could make claims regarding work-related injuries and diseases .
With the incorporation of the Belarusian territories into the Great Lithuanian Duchy and later into the Polish-dominated Commonwealth, Roman Catholicism and Protestantism flourished in Belarus. At the end of the sixteenth century, the struggle between the Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches produced the Orthodox Uniate Church, governed by the Vatican. The Orthodox Church dominated following the Russian defeat of uprisings in 1863 and 1864. Commuters climb on and off a city bus in Minsk, the largest city, with a population of almost two million. Among the primary products traded are buckwheat, chalk, chloride, clay, limestone, peat, potassium, quartz sand, rye, sodium chloride, sugar beets, timber, tobacco, wheat, farm machinery, fertilizers, glass, machine tools, synthetic fibers, and textiles. Among the most significant export partners are Russia , Ukraine, Poland, Germany, and Lithuania. Belarusian eating habits are not very different from those of people in other Eastern European cultures.
Mother’s mean age at first birth
It turns out that a person is still without any severance pay – and everything seems to be according to the law. Moreover, the contract system created by the decree of President Alexander Lukashenko absolutely contradicts the Labor Code of Belarus. As a result, today Belarus is the only country in the world where the absolute majority of employees – about 90% – work on short-term employment contracts, without any guarantees for the future. Nevertheless, there is a range of professions with sufficiently high levels of income that are simply banned for women by law in Belarus.
Women Lead The Way Against Belarus’ Patriarch, Says Svetlana Tikhanovskaya
Its essence is that in the overwhelming majority of the countries of the world , if a person has a sufficiently high qualification and a permanent job, then his/her level and quality of life far exceed the minimum subsistence level identified in the country. However, this pattern is not applicable to Belarus – what, in fact, possesses to talk about the phenomenon of “working poor”. This situation has a downside – at the end of the contract, the employer does not have to extend it and explain the reasons for not extending the contract to the employee. Moreover, as practice shows, this hits women employees far harder than others. We have seen enough number of such situations – especially among teachers.
Women and Girls in Belarus
On 20 June 2017, Belarusian news agencies reported that Belarus has fallen below the “sensitive” countries that have no guarantee of protection of workers’ rights. This was stated in the rating of ITUC Global Rights Index for 2017, compiled by the International Trade Union Confederation. The investigation has covered cases of 139 countries around the world. 34 more countries including Bahrain, Bangladesh, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Ukraine, Turkey, Zimbabwe, and others along with Belarus have fallen into the same group. The modern-day characteristics of women in Belarus evolved from the events that happened in the history of Belarus, particularly when the “concept of equal rights for women was first developed and substantiated in the late 16th century”. The so-called Grand Duchy Charter find more at https://thegirlcanwrite.net/belarus-women/ of 1588 – one of the most important legal documents in Belarusian history – protected the dignity of Belarusian women under the law. Women in Belarus and their contribution to Belarusian society is celebrated annually on the 8th of March, during International Women’s Day.
The wife was not responsible for her husband’s debts, but the husband was for his wife’s. Belarusian married women enjoyed relative equality in decision-making and economic share.